Reaching Our Young Citizens: Comparing Model of Japanese and Indonesian Civic Participation in the Online Sphere

Desideria Cempaka Wijaya Murti 1 *

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Abstract

The expansion of online media as a public sphere for youth political participation created an ephemeral scholarly conversation. Online media offers the opportunity for the youth to involve in politics as good citizens by following the novel civic style in the web sphere, developing new platform in communication style, and engaging in online community. Indonesian and Japanese models on civic engagement in the web sphere will enrich the Asian perspectives from the established theoretical framework in the western standpoint. Japan and Indonesia are two compatible counterparts to contrast the Asian case study. Both countries are relatively new in democracy, experiencing massive changes in the governments, political parties, penetration of technologies, and youth lifestyle. Both countries experience the similar struggles to understand the digital citizenship among young people. This research will answer the big question on how and to what extend the young citizens actively involved in political participation via media online. There are two prominent theories as the platform to configure the comparison of young citizenship model in Japan and Indonesia. First, the researcher will use the framework of Dutiful and Self Actualized Citizenship (AC-DC). Each type of citizenship develop distinguish characteristics in terms of civic style and communication logics. There are four competences in each model, such as knowledge, expression, public skills, and action skills. Secondly, this study will find the pattern of online media usage for the youth political and civic participation and to archive the youth civic engagements as an appreciation towards democratic growth in the relatively progressive Asian country. 

Keywords

participation youth politic online civic style communication

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp. 156-172

Published Online: 26 Jul 2016

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